Strategic Management: Formulation and Implementation


Leading is another of the basic function within the management process "Leading is the use of influence to motivate employees to achieve organizational goals" (Richard Daft). Managers must be able to make employees want to participate in achieving an organization's goals. Three components make up the leading function:

The leading process helps the organization move toward goal attainment.


The final phase of the management process is controlling. "Controlling means monitoring employees' activities, determining whether the organization is on target toward its goals, and making correction as necessary (Richard Daft ). Controlling ensures that, through effective leading, what has been planned and organized to take place has in fact taken place. Three basic components constitute the control function:

Controlling is ongoing process. An affective control function determines whether the organization is on target toward its goals and makes corrections as necessary.

These all managerial functions are necessary and are related and interrelated to each other.